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Paraguay Population
 
 
 

General

The population of Paraguay in 2005 was estimated by the United Nations at 6,158,000, which placed it at number 100 in population among the 193 nations of the world. In 2005, approximately 4% of the population was over 65 years of age, with another 32% of the population under 15 years of age. There were 102 males for every 100 females in the country. According to the UN, the annual population rate of change for 2005-10 was expected to be 1.7%, a rate the government viewed as too high. The projected population for the year 2025 was 8,565,000. The overall population density was 15 per km² (39 per mi²), but over 98% of the population is located in the eastern two-fifths of the country; the vast western Chaco region is virtually uninhabited.

The UN estimated that 54% of the population lived in urban areas in 2005, and that urban areas were growing at an annual rate of 3.25%. The capital city, Asunción, had a population of 1,639,000 in that year. Other leading cities and their estimated populations include Ciudad del Este, 239,000; Pedro Juan Encarnación, 72,300; Caballero, 66,400; Concepción, 62,000; and Pilar, 26,352.

Paraguay falls below the Latin American average in several socio-economic categories, including immunisation rates, potable water, sanitation, and secondary school enrolment, and has greater rates of income inequality and child and maternal mortality. Paraguay's poverty rate has declined in recent years but remains high, especially in rural areas, with more than a third of the population below the poverty line. However, the well-being of the poor in many regions has improved in terms of housing quality and access to clean water, telephone service, and electricity. The fertility rate continues to drop, declining sharply from an average 4.3 births per woman in the late 1990s to about 2 in 2013, as a result of the greater educational attainment of women, increased use of contraception, and a desire for smaller families among young women.

Paraguay is a country of emigration; it has not attracted large numbers of immigrants because of political instability, civil wars, years of dictatorship, and the greater appeal of neighbouring countries. Paraguay first tried to encourage immigration in 1870 in order to rebound from the heavy death toll it suffered during the War of the Triple Alliance, but it received few European and Middle Eastern immigrants. In the 20th century, limited numbers of immigrants arrived from Lebanon, Japan, South Korea and China, as well as Mennonites from Canada, Russia and Mexico. Large flows of Brazilian immigrants have been arriving since the 1960s, mainly to work in agriculture. Paraguayans continue to emigrate to Argentina, Brazil, Uruguay, the United States, Italy, Spain and France.

Overview

Population : 6,623,252 (July 2013 est.)
Age structure : 0-14 years: 26.8% (male 903,578/female 873,079)

15-24 years: 20.8% (male 692,006/female 684,297)

25-54 years: 39% (male 1,294,037/female 1,290,376)

55-64 years: 6.9% (male 234,803/female 224,862)

65 years and over: 6.4% (male 198,529/female 227,685) (2013 est.)
Dependency ratios   total dependency ratio: 61 %

youth dependency ratio: 52.2 %

elderly dependency ratio: 8.8 %

potential support ratio: 11.4 (2013)
Median age : total: 26.3 years

male: 26.1 years

female: 26.5 years (2013 est.)
Population growth rate : 1.23% (2013 est.)
Birth rate : 16.95 births/1,000 population (2013 est.)
Death rate : 4.61 deaths/1,000 population (2013 est.)
Net migration rate : -0.08 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2013 est.)
Urbanisation : urban population: 61% of total population (2010)

rate of urbanisation: 2.5% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)
Major cities - population : Asunción (capital) 1.977 million (2009)
Sex ratio : at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female

0-14 years: 1.04 male(s)/female

15-24 years: 1.01 male(s)/female

25-54 years: 1 male(s)/female

55-64 years: 1.04 male(s)/female

65 years and over: 0.87 male(s)/female

total population: 1.01 male(s)/female (2013 est.)
Mother's mean age at first birth : 22.9

note: median age at first birth among women 25-29 (2008 est.)
Maternal mortality rate : 99 deaths/100,000 live births (2010)
Infant mortality rate : total: 21.48 deaths/1,000 live births

male: 25.21 deaths/1,000 live births

female: 17.57 deaths/1,000 live births (2013 est.)
Life expectancy at birth : total population: 76.6 years

male: 73.97 years

female: 79.35 years (2013 est.)
Total fertility rate : 2.01 children born/woman (2013 est.)
Contraceptive prevalence rate : 79.4%

note: percent of women aged 15-44 (2008)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate : 0.3% (2012)
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS : 13,100 (2012)
HIV/AIDS - deaths : 300 (2012)
Health expenditures : 9.7% of GDP (2011)
Physicians density : 1.11 physicians/1,000 population (2002)
Hospital bed density : 1.3 beds/1,000 population (2011)
Drinking water source : improved:

urban: 99.4% of population

rural: 66% of population

total: 86.5% of population

unimproved:

urban: 0.6% of population

rural: 34% of population

total: 13.5% of population (2010 est.)
Sanitation facility access : improved:

urban: 89.9% of population

rural: 40.5% of population

total: 70.8% of population

unimproved:

urban: 10.1% of population

rural: 59.5% of population

total: 29.2% of population (2010 est.)
Major infectious diseases : degree of risk: intermediate

food or water-borne diseases: bacterial diarrhoea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever

vector-borne disease: dengue fever (2013)
Obesity - adult prevalence rate : 17.9% (2008)
Children under the age of 5 years underweight : 3.4% (2005)
Nationality : noun: Paraguayan(s)

adjective: Paraguayan
Ethnic groups : mestizo (mixed Spanish and Amerindian) 95%, other 5%
Religions : Roman Catholic 89.6%, Protestant 6.2%, other Christian 1.1%, other or unspecified 1.9%, none 1.1% (2002 census)
Languages : Spanish (official), Guarani (official)
Literacy : definition: age 15 and over can read and write

total population: 93.9%

male: 94.8%

female: 92.9% (2010 est.)
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education) : total: 13 years

male: 12 years

female: 13 years (2011)
Education expenditures : 4.8% of GDP (2011)
Child labour - children ages 5-14 : total number: 205,297

percentage: 15 % (2004 est.)
Unemployment, youth ages 15-24 : total: 11.2%

male: 9%

female: 14.6% (2012)

 

 

 
 

 



 


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